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In 1924, the unemployment rate among Jews exceeded 30%, partially as a result of pogroms The Soviet government entertained the idea of resettling all Jews in the USSR in a designated territory where they would be able to pursue a lifestyle “socialist in content and national in form”.The Soviets also wanted to offer an alternative to Zionism, the establishment of Palestine as a Jewish homeland.As the Jewish population grew, so did the impact of Yiddish culture on the region. After the war ended in 1945, there was renewed interest in the idea of Birobidzhan as a potential home for Jewish refugees.The settlers established a Yiddish newspaper, the Birobidzhaner Shtern; a theater troupe was created; and streets being built in the new city were named after prominent Yiddish authors such as Sholom Aleichem and I. The Jewish population in the region peaked at around 46,000-50,000 Jews in 1948, around 25% of the entire population of the JAO.General Pavel Sudoplatov writes about the government′s rationale behind picking the area in the Far East: ″The establishment of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast in Birobidzhan in 1928 was ordered by Stalin only as an effort to strengthen the Far Eastern border region with an outpost, not as a favour to the Jews.The area was constantly penetrated by Chinese and White Russian terrorist groups, and the idea was to shield the territory by establishing a settlement whose inhabitants would be hostile to White Russian émigrés, especially the Cossacks.According to an article published in 2000, Birobidzhan has several state-run schools that teach Yiddish, a Yiddish school for religious instruction and a kindergarten.The five- to seven-year-olds spend two lessons a week learning to speak Yiddish, as well as being taught Jewish songs, dance, and traditions. , a documentary on Stalin's creation of the Jewish Autonomous Region and its settlement, was released by The Cinema Guild.
An April 2007 article in The Jerusalem Post claimed that, at the time, approximately 4,000 Jews remained in the JAO.In 1858 the northern bank of the Amur River, including the territory of today's Jewish Autonomous Oblast, became incorporated into the Russian Empire pursuant to the Treaty of Aigun (1858) and the Convention of Peking (1860).In December 1858 the Russian government authorized the formation of the Amur Cossack Host to protect the south-east boundary of Siberia and communications on the Amur and Ussuri rivers.Wir verwenden Cookies, um Inhalte zu personalisieren, Werbeanzeigen maßzuschneidern und zu messen sowie die Sicherheit unserer Nutzer zu erhöhen.Wenn du auf unsere Webseite klickst oder hier navigierst, stimmst du der Erfassung von Informationen durch Cookies auf und außerhalb von Facebook zu.