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The term appears five times in the Quran, but does not refer to the modern island—originally known to the Arabs as Awal— but rather to all of Eastern Arabia (most notably al-Katif and al-Hasa).Today, Bahrain's "two seas" are instead generally taken to be the bay east and west of the island, the seas north and south of the island, or the salt and fresh water present above and below the ground.Another supposition by al-Jawahari suggests that the more formal name Bahri (lit."belonging to the sea") would have been misunderstood and so was opted against.Until the late Middle Ages, "Bahrain" referred to the region of Eastern Arabia that included Southern Iraq, Kuwait, Al-Hasa, Qatif, and Bahrain.The region stretched from Basra in Iraq to the Strait of Hormuz in Oman. The exact date at which the term "Bahrain" began to refer solely to the Awal archipelago is unknown.All links in the article are integrated to browse on Gulliway.), is a small Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf. It is 780 km in size, making it the third smallest nation in Asia after the Maldives and Singapore.

The island and kingdom were also commonly spelled Bahrein into the 1950s.The Greek historian Strabo believed the Phoenicians originate from Bahrain.Herodotus also believed that the homeland of the Phoenicians was Bahrain.Bahrain has a high Human Development Index and was recognised by the World Bank as a high income economy.In Arabic, Bahrayn is the dual form of bahr ("sea"), so al-Bahrayn means "the two seas", although which two seas were originally intended remains in dispute.

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