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In the light of projected peak demand of 85 GWe by 2050, its main scenario called for 14.5 GWe of new nuclear plant online by 2035, and nuclear supplying 31% of demand in 2050.
Different scenarios concerning electric vehicles increase peak demand by 6 GWe, 11 GWe or 18 GWe by 2050 depending on when the majority are charged, and assuming 7 k W charging (30 amps).
The last operating Magnox reactor – Wylfa 1 – shut down in December 2015.
This left seven twin-unit AGR stations and one PWR, all owned and operated by a subsidiary of France's EDF called EDF Energy.
Note that in the main capacity figures published, those for wind and solar are adjusted to allow for intermittency, by a factor of 0.43 for wind and 0.17 for solar PV, hence 'declared net capacity' (DNC) – “the nominal maximum capability of a generating set to supply electricity to consumers”.
The 78.3 GWe total above is thus less than the sum of the individual actual capacities.
In 2015 the France link ran at 81% capacity and the Netherlands one at 91%.
The energy secretary said: "Opponents of nuclear misread the science. The challenge, as with other low carbon technologies, is to deliver nuclear power which is low cost as well. “We are dealing with a legacy of under-investment and with Hinkley Point C planning to start generating in the mid-2020s, this is already changing.
It is imperative we do not make the mistakes of the past and just build one nuclear power station.
North Sea oil and gas has been a major energy and revenue source for the UK, but resources are in decline.
The looming decommissioning cost is likely to be in excess of £30 billion, with the government liable for 60% of this.